“Disciples Believe the Resurrection”

Sunday School with Pastor Dr. Theodis Acklin

Scriptural text: Luke 24:13-49

Lesson Context: It was Sunday, the first day of the week, and during the evening of Jesus’ resurrection. Some of Jesus’ female followers had gone to His tomb to continue anointing His body for burial when they learned from angels they He had risen from the dead. As they were returning to the city, Jesus first appeared to Mary Magdalene who lingered at the tomb, and then He appeared to the women. He instructed them to go tell the disciples what they had seen and heard (Matthew 28:8-10). When Peter and John heard the news, they ran to the tomb and found it empty but Jesus’ clothes were still laying there as if he was still in them. Peter began to wonder. This is where the lesson begins.

The Journey Begins (Luke 24:13-16):

Distressed by Death (vv. 13-14).  (v. 13). “And, behold, two of them went that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about threescore furlongs.”  These two travelers were some of Jesus’ followers who had heard the women’s report regarding the empty tomb. The travelers began their journey to Emmaus on the same day that the women had seen the tomb, “the first day of the week” (24:1). In ancient times, people traveled by foot. At this time they were returning to a small village in Emmaus after visiting in Jerusalem.  The distance between Emmaus and Jerusalem was threescore furlongs which is approximately seven miles.

(v. 14). “And they talked together of all these things which had happened.” The two travelers were discussing the things that “had happened” in Jerusalem the last few days.  This indicates they must’ve been friends.

Joined by Jesus (vv. 15-16):  (v. 15). “And it came to pass, that, while they communed together and reasoned, Jesus himself drew near, and went with them.”  The emphatic statement Jesus himself stresses that it was Jesus and no one else who appeared and went with the two.

(v. 16). “But their eyes were holden that they should not know him.” The word “holden” means that God may have temporarily blinded their eyes to Jesus’ identity so that they could grasp more clearly the truth of his resurrection.

The Traveler’s Lament (Luke 24:17-24):

Despair (vv. 17-21).  (v. 17). “And he said unto them, What manner of communications are these that ye have one to another, as ye walk, and are said?”  As the Lord walked with the two disciples He asked them what they were talking about and why were they so sad? Jesus knew why they were sad. He asked the question to strike up a conversation with the two disciples.

(v. 18). “And the one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering said unto him, Art thou a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things which are come to pass there in these days?”  With the popularity of Jesus and the hatred that the Jews had for him,  Jesus was the topic of every conversation. But the truth, the One that they were talking about was the One that they were talking to.

The Disciples’ Expectations Crushed (Luke 24:19-27):

The Rejection of Jesus (Luke 24:19-20). “And he said unto them, what things?”

They replied the things concerning Jesus of Nazareth. These two men referred to Jesus as “a prophet,” a popular belief of who Jesus was. Undoubtedly, these two men believed Jesus to be the Messiah.

References: International Sunday School Lessons KJV 2022-2023