Song of Moses

Sunday School with Pastor Theodis Acklin

Scriptural text: Exodus 14:21-31

Lesson Context: God had led His people out of Egypt, and across the great Sinai desert. After wandering for forty years on a journey that should’ve taken only 11 days (Deuteronomy 1:1-6), the Israelites now stand ready to enter the promised land (Deuteronomy 1:5). But before they continued on to Canaan, while camped in Moab east of the Jordan River, Moses had some important words to prepare them for entering the Promised Land. But in His mercy, God commanded Moses to write a song and teach it to the Israelites (Deuteronomy 31:19). The song was meant to bear witness against Israel at that time (Deuteronomy 32:19-21) and to justify God’s judgment against them.

God’s Faithfulness (Deuteronomy 32:3-6).  The heavens and the earth are appropriate witnesses because they are affected by human sin and divine judgment.

Because of His Greatness (vv.3-4). The object that all creation should bear witness to was the proclamation of God’s holy name. For the people of God, the centrality of the name of the Lord was crucial for their worship (Deuteronomy 12:5-6. God’s name reflected the very nature of His being. To misappropriate His name brought great consequences. As God’s name was proclaimed, His greatness would be celebrated.

He is the Rock. Because of God’s greatness, He is the anchor for His people-the one and only Rock, the Savior and ruler of His people.

His work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment. The people of God can take refuge in God as their Rock because His work in the world is perfect.

God’s Goodness (Deuteronomy 32:10-14):

God Protects His People(vv. 10-12: “He found him in a desert land, and in the waste howling wilderness; he led him about, he instructed him.”  Moses called on the Israelites to remember the days of old when the Most High divided the nations into their different lands, when He divided all mankind (verse 7). Moses even looked ahead to when God would divide the land of Canaan among the tribes of Israel (see v. 8). In verse 10, Moses said that God “found him in a desert land, and in a waste of howling wilderness.”  This phrase probably refers to the people’s wandering around in the wilderness. The pronoun “him” refers to the nation of Israel. The word “found” here does not do this verse justice, because God always knew where His people where, for “he (God) led him (Israel) about, he (God) kept him (Israel), he (God) kept him (Israel) as the apple of his (God’s) eye.” God “led” His people around in the wilderness and He “instructed” or taught them “His” laws and “kept” or protected them like “the apple of his eye.”  This refers to the pupil of one’s “eye.”

“As an eagle stirreth up her nest, fluttereth over her young, spreadeth abroad her wings, taketh them, beareth them on her wings.” This metaphor describes God’s care for His people to an eagle caring for its young. As the eaglets grow up, the parent eagle will protect them with the expanse of its wings over the nest. By describing God’s care and protection of His people in this manner, this song reflects the sentiment of the psalmist regarding God’s protection (Psalm 91:4).

References: Standard Lesson Commentary KJV 2022-2023, International Sunday School Commentary